5 min read

🇪🇸 75 Basic Spanish Phrases for Your Next Trip to Spain 🇪🇸

Learn 75 basic Spanish phrases for a seamless trip to Spain! Essential greetings, dining, travel tips & more for travelers. Make your Spain experience unforgettable.

Tobi Miles
March 30, 2024
🇪🇸 75 Basic Spanish Phrases for Your Next Trip to Spain 🇪🇸

¡Hola, amigos! 👋 Are you ready to embark on a thrilling adventure to the land of flamenco, tapas, and siesta? Spain is a country that oozes passion, energy, and a unique flair that sets it apart from other Spanish-speaking nations. While you might think your high school Spanish will suffice, trust us – the Spaniards have a language all their own! 😜 So, sit back, grab a glass of sangria 🍷, and let's dive into 75 essential Spanish phrases that will make your trip to Spain unforgettable!

🙋‍♂️ Greetings and Pleasantries

  1. Hola (OH-lah) – Hello
  2. Buenos días (BWEH-nohs DEE-ahs) – Good morning
  3. Buenas tardes (BWEH-nahs TAHR-dehs) – Good afternoon
  4. Buenas noches (BWEH-nahs NOH-chehs) – Good evening/night
  5. ¿Cómo estás? (KOH-moh ehs-TAHS?) – How are you?
  6. Estoy bien, gracias (ehs-TOY bee-EHN, GRAH-see-ahs) – I'm fine, thank you
  7. ¿Y tú? (ee TOO?) – And you?
  8. Por favor (pohr fah-BOHR) – Please
  9. Gracias (GRAH-see-ahs) – Thank you
  10. De nada (deh NAH-dah) – You're welcome
  11. Perdón (pehr-DOHN) – Excuse me
  12. Disculpe (dees-KOOL-peh) – Pardon me
  13. Lo siento (loh see-EHN-toh) – I'm sorry

In Spain, greetings are essential! Don't be surprised if strangers greet you with a friendly "¡Hola!" or "Buenos días!" on the street. 🚶‍♂️🚶‍♀️ Spaniards are known for their warm and welcoming nature, so embrace the love! 🤗

🍜 Dining and Ordering Food

  1. ¿Puedo ver el menú, por favor? (PWEH-doh behr ehl meh-NOO, pohr fah-BOHR?) – Can I see the menu, please?
  2. ¿Qué me recomienda? (keh meh reh-koh-mee-EHN-dah?) – What do you recommend?
  3. Una mesa para dos, por favor (OO-nah MEH-sah PAH-rah dohs, pohr fah-BOHR) – A table for two, please
  4. Un vaso de agua, por favor (oon BAH-soh deh AH-gwah, pohr fah-BOHR) – A glass of water, please
  5. Una cerveza, por favor (OO-nah sehr-BEH-sah, pohr fah-BOHR) – A beer, please
  6. Una copa de vino tinto/blanco (OO-nah KOH-pah deh BEE-noh TEEN-toh/BLAHN-koh) – A glass of red/white wine
  7. ¿Me trae la cuenta, por favor? (meh TRAH-eh lah KWEHN-tah, pohr fah-BOHR?) – Can I have the bill, please?

When in Spain, you MUST try the local cuisine! 🥘 From paella to tortilla española, the flavors will blow your mind. Don't forget to order a round of tapas – small plates perfect for sharing (or not 😉). And remember, dinner starts late in Spain, so don't be shocked if restaurants are empty at 7 PM! 🕰️

🚕 Getting Around

  1. ¿Dónde está...? (DOHN-deh ehs-TAH...?) – Where is...?
  2. ¿Cómo llego a...? (KOH-moh YEH-goh ah...?) – How do I get to...?
  3. ¿A qué hora sale el tren/autobús? (ah keh OH-rah SAH-leh ehl trehn/ow-toh-BOOS?) – What time does the train/bus leave?
  4. Un billete a..., por favor (oon bee-YEH-teh ah..., pohr fah-BOHR) – A ticket to..., please
  5. ¿Puedes llamar a un taxi, por favor? (PWEH-dehs yah-MAHR ah oon TAHK-see, pohr fah-BOHR?) – Can you call a taxi, please?

Getting around Spain is a breeze! 💨 The public transportation system is efficient and reliable, with metros in major cities and buses connecting smaller towns. Taxis are also readily available, but be prepared for some wild rides! 🎢 Spanish drivers are known for their "creative" interpretation of traffic laws. 😅

🏰 Sightseeing and Attractions

  1. ¿Cuánto cuesta la entrada? (KWAHN-toh KWEHS-tah lah ehn-TRAH-dah?) – How much is the entrance fee?
  2. ¿A qué hora abre/cierra? (ah keh OH-rah AH-breh/see-EH-rrah?) – What time does it open/close?
  3. ¿Hay descuentos para estudiantes/mayores? (ahy dehs-KWEHN-tohs PAH-rah ehs-too-dee-AHN-tehs/mah-YOH-rehs?) – Are there discounts for students/seniors?
  4. ¿Puedo tomar fotos? (PWEH-doh toh-MAHR FOH-tohs?) – Can I take photos?
  5. ¿Dónde están los baños? (DOHN-deh ehs-TAHN lohs BAH-nyohs?) – Where are the restrooms?

From the stunning architecture of the Sagrada Familia 🏰 to the vibrant streets of Madrid 🌇, Spain is a sightseer's paradise! Don't miss the chance to explore the picturesque Park Güell in Barcelona or the majestic Alhambra in Granada. And if you're feeling adventurous, join the locals for a wild night of partying until dawn! 🌅 Just remember, "No pasa nada" (no worries) is the Spanish way of life. 😎

🛍️ Shopping and Bargaining

  1. ¿Cuánto cuesta esto? (KWAHN-toh KWEHS-tah EHS-toh?) – How much does this cost?
  2. ¿Puedes bajar el precio? (PWEH-dehs bah-HAHR ehl PREH-see-oh?) – Can you lower the price?
  3. ¿Aceptas tarjeta de crédito? (ahk-SEHP-tahs tahr-HEH-tah deh KREH-dee-toh?) – Do you accept credit cards?
  4. Me lo llevo (meh loh YEH-boh) – I'll take it
  5. ¿Dónde puedo comprar...? (DOHN-deh PWEH-doh kohm-PRAHR...?) – Where can I buy...?

Shopping in Spain is a treat! 🛍️ From high-end boutiques to open-air markets, you'll find it all. Don't be afraid to haggle a bit at the markets – it's expected! And if you're looking for unique souvenirs, check out the colorful fans, flamenco dresses, and hand-painted ceramics. Just be prepared to pack an extra suitcase! 💼

🏥 Emergencies and Health

  1. Necesito ayuda (neh-seh-SEE-toh ah-YOO-dah) – I need help
  2. Llame a una ambulancia, por favor (YAH-meh ah OO-nah ahm-boo-LAHN-see-ah, pohr fah-BOHR) – Call an ambulance, please
  3. ¿Dónde está el hospital más cercano? (DOHN-deh ehs-TAH ehl ohs-pee-TAHL mahs sehr-KAH-noh?) – Where is the nearest hospital?
  4. Me duele... (meh DWEH-leh...) – My... hurts
  5. Tengo alergia a... (TEHN-goh ah-lehr-HEE-ah ah...) – I'm allergic to...

While we hope you won't need these phrases, it's always good to be prepared! 🚑 Spain has a well-developed healthcare system, and pharmacies (farmacias) are easily found in most towns and cities. Just remember, if you have any pre-existing medical conditions, make sure to bring your medications and a doctor's note. 💊

🍻 Socializing and Making Friends

  1. ¿Quieres tomar algo? (kee-EH-rehs toh-MAHR AHL-goh?) – Want to grab a drink?
  2. ¿Te gustaría bailar? (teh goos-tah-REE-ah bigh-LAHR?) – Would you like to dance?
  3. ¿De dónde eres? (deh DOHN-deh EH-rehs?) – Where are you from?
  4. Soy de... (soy deh...) – I'm from...
  5. ¿Cuál es tu nombre? (kwahl ehs too NOHM-breh?) – What's your name?
  6. Mi nombre es... (mee NOHM-breh ehs...) – My name is...
  7. Encantado/a de conocerte (ehn-kahn-TAH-doh/dah deh koh-noh-SEHR-teh) – Nice to meet you
  8. ¿Quieres ser mi amigo/a en Facebook? (kee-EH-rehs sehr mee ah-MEE-goh/gah ehn feh-ees-BOOK?) – Want to be my friend on Facebook?

Spaniards are known for their outgoing and friendly nature, so don't be surprised if you make new amigos in no time! 👥 Whether you're enjoying tapas at a bar or dancing the night away at a discoteca, socializing is a big part of Spanish culture. Just remember, personal space is a foreign concept here, so expect lots of hugs, kisses, and close talking! 😘

🌞 Weather and Climate

  1. Hace calor/frío (AH-seh kah-LOHR/FREE-oh) – It's hot/cold
  2. Está lloviendo (ehs-TAH yoh-bee-EHN-doh) – It's raining
  3. Hace sol (AH-seh sohl) – It's sunny
  4. ¿Qué tiempo hace? (keh tee-EHM-poh AH-seh?) – What's the weather like?
  5. ¿Cuál es la temperatura? (kwahl ehs lah tehm-peh-rah-TOO-rah?) – What's the temperature?

Spain is known for its sunny skies and mild climate, but be prepared for some regional variations! ☀️🌧️ The north can be cooler and rainier, while the south is hot and dry. And if you're visiting in the summer, brace yourself for scorching temperatures that can reach over 40°C (104°F)! 🥵 Pro tip: Do as the locals do and take a siesta during the hottest part of the day. 😴

🚨 Warnings and Precautions

  1. Cuidado (kwee-DAH-doh) – Be careful
  2. Peligro (peh-LEE-groh) – Danger
  3. Prohibido (proh-ee-BEE-doh) – Forbidden
  4. No toque (noh TOH-keh) – Don't touch
  5. No fotografía (noh foh-toh-grah-FEE-ah) – No photography

While Spain is generally a safe country, it's always a good idea to stay vigilant! 🕵️‍♀️ Pickpocketing can be common in crowded tourist areas, so keep an eye on your belongings. And if you're planning on attending any festivals or protests, be aware that things can sometimes get rowdy. 🎉 Just use common sense and follow any posted warnings, and you'll be good to go!

🔥 Flirting and Romance

  1. Eres muy guapo/guapa (EH-rehs mwee GWAH-poh/GWAH-pah) – You're very handsome/beautiful
  2. ¿Tienes novia/novio? (tee-EH-nehs NOH-bee-ah/NOH-bee-oh?) – Do you have a girlfriend/boyfriend?
  3. ¿Quieres salir conmigo? (kee-EH-rehs sah-LEER kohn-MEE-goh?) – Do you want to go out with me?
  4. Me gustas mucho (meh GOOS-tahs MOO-choh) – I like you a lot
  5. ¿Puedo darte un beso? (PWEH-doh DAHR-teh oon BEH-soh?) – Can I give you a kiss?

Ooh la la! 😍 Spaniards are known for their passionate nature, and flirting is a national pastime. Don't be surprised if you receive some bold compliments or invitations to dance. Just remember, a little flirtation is harmless, but always be respectful and take "no" for an answer. And if you do happen to fall in love with a local, be prepared for some serious PDA! 💑

🙊 Insults and Curse Words (Use with Caution!)

  1. Gilipollas (hee-lee-POH-yahs) – Asshole
  2. Cabrón (kah-BROHN) – Bastard
  3. Coño (KOH-nyoh) – Fuck
  4. Joder (hoh-DEHR) – Fuck
  5. Puta (POO-tah) – Bitch/Whore
  6. Capullo (kah-POO-yoh) – Prick
  7. Mierda (mee-EHR-dah) – Shit

While it's always good to know a few curse words (you know, for research purposes 🤓), be VERY careful when using them! Spanish insults can be quite strong and offensive, so it's best to avoid them unless you're absolutely sure of the context and your relationship with the person. And if you do slip up, a quick "Lo siento" (I'm sorry) can go a long way! 🙏

🌮 Bonus: Food and Drink Vocabulary

  1. Paella (pah-EH-yah) – A classic Spanish rice dish with seafood or meat
  2. Tapas (TAH-pahs) – Small appetizer-sized portions of various dishes
  3. Jamón ibérico (hah-MOHN ee-BEH-ree-koh) – A type of high-quality cured ham
  4. Gazpacho (gahz-PAH-choh) – A cold tomato soup, perfect for hot summer days
  5. Sangría (sahn-GREE-ah) – A refreshing wine punch with fruit

And there you have it, amigos! 75 essential Spanish phrases to help you navigate your way through the vibrant land of Spain. Remember, the key to making the most of your trip is to embrace the local culture, try new things, and have fun! 🎉 So, pack your bags, grab your phrasebook, and get ready for an unforgettable adventure. ¡Buen viaje! 🇪🇸✈️

Tobi Miles
Article updated:
March 30, 2024
A nomadic wordsmith savoring the world's flavors and penning stories that turn every journey into an epic.
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